Offender supervision with electronic technology: A users guide
I will not buy, sell, own or have in my possession, at any time, firearms, ammunition, or other deadly weapons of any kind. I will seek and maintain verifiable employment, education, or community service if not employed and notify my Parole Officer immediately in the event of termination or change of employment. I will permit my Parole Officer or Corrections Officials to visit me at all reasonable times, places, and will submit to reasonable warrantless searches per New Mexico Corrections Department policy.
I will comply with all conditions and fines imposed by the judgment and sentence, as ordered by the court. This reporting requirement may be altered by the ISP Officer for the benefit of those participants who are employed full-time. I understand that this condition may be enforced through the use of electronic monitoring equipment.
I agree to use diligence in the care of this equipment and understand that any tampering with any part of the equipment can result in my immediate arrest. I also agree to immediately contact my supervising Officer if any questions or problems arise about the equipment. I will maintain a clean, safe and suitable residence. I will not have anonymous call rejections, voice messaging, nor any other phone service that interferes with my supervision. Travel is limited to a mile range from my county of residence and no overnight travel is permitted while under Intensive Supervision.
A minimum of ten, 10 hours will be completed during each phase. There will be no alcohol at my residence. I will be prepared to submit such specimen each time that I report. I will notify my Supervising Officer within 24 hours of any missed sessions Obey P. Community Corrections Programs Community Corrections Programs primarily serve offenders in the community based on the risk level and the needs of the offender. Offender will be required to provide verification of work or school attendance.
Any unexcused absence will be considered non-compliance. If the disagreement or problem does not immediately affect my residence then I will report any occurrence within 48 hours. Phase requirements will include reporting requirements, drug testing requirements, treatment requirements, community service requirements and may include additional program requirements such as curfews and electronic monitoring.
Any unexcused missed reporting contact will be considered non-compliance. I will complete a minimum of four, 4, hours of community service per month if employed full-time or enrolled in school full-time or any combination of the two.
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Offenders shall complete a minimum of ten, 10, hours of community service per month if employed part-time, enrolled in school part-time or unemployed. This condition may be changed in writing by the Probation Officer for any necessary reason that the Probation Officer considers appropriate. Further, I will report any contacts made with law enforcement for any reason. Region I. Region II. Region II Special Programs. Community Corrections. Region III. Region IV. Interstate Compact. Offenders asking about their money not applying to their account COPS. Offenders must contact their parole officer.
A parent or relative calls in asking about when the offender is getting released. Family members of the offender asks who is going to be the Parole Officer. They must contact the specific Region Officer Manager. View on Google Maps. For Staff. Human Resources. Share - HR. Training Academy.
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Both public safety and offender accountability are the stated purposes of the program. Level I Financial Accountability. Electronic supervision technologies are employed in Levels IV, III, and II as well as other supervision strategies including random drug and alcohol testing and community service. Women may enter the program through referrals from Probation, Parole, and the Department of Corrections if the primary basis of their offenses is substance abuse.
This program focuses on the gender-specific substance abuse treatment of female offenders but also addresses family, housing, health, relationships, education, and job training issues Johnston, These examples are meant to illustrate some of the variety of purposes, sponsorship, and approaches possible with electronic supervision technologies. As discussed in future chapters, each jurisdiction or agency must assess its own needs to develop electronic supervision strategies that meet local needs. Specialized Caseloads Electronic supervision tools can help in a number of specialized caseloads including drunk-drivers, domestic violence, and sex offender supervision.
In the case of drunk-drivers, secure remote alcohol monitoring devices exist that allow for determining if an offender has consumed alcohol throughout the day. Domestic violence caseloads, especially at the pretrial phase, incorporate the use of GPS technology that allows for not only determining where the supervisee is going throughout his or her days, but victims can also be given a cell-phone or pager that will alert them if the supervisee 22 CHAPTER 1: An Overview of Supervision With Electronic Monitoring is in their area. Many laws have been passed recently to mandate various forms of location-tracking for sex offenders, with some of these laws requiring electronic monitoring for the life of the offender Button et al.
It is too early to definitively say whether sex offenders under GPS supervision have lower failure rates than those without an electronic monitoring condition Padgett, Bales, and Blumberg, However, GPS does provide officers with a useful supervision tool to analyze behavior patterns.
In some cases, the technology is applied as an additional strategy with other methods e.
A research study sponsored by the National Institute of Justice and conducted by Indiana University assessed the use of electronic supervision for pretrial defendants in Marion County Indianapolis , Indiana. The defendants included in the study were those who otherwise would not have been released on their own recognizance or could not raise bail or secure a bondsman. Of those who did not qualify for release in these ways, fewer than 25 percent actually were released with electronic supervision. Some defendants were considered too great a risk to public safety or too likely to flee before trial to be released.
The goal of this initiative was to ensure that defendants return to court for trial and also to relieve jail crowding. The most frequent charges made against defendants in the program were theft, DUI, forgery, burglary, habitual traffic offenses, disorderly conduct, and drug offenses. Seventy-three percent of defendants were supervised successfully with electronic technologies; 13 percent incurred technical violations; and 14 percent absconded. The researchers found that defendants most likely to complete the program successfully were those living with a spouse or significant other Gowdy, More recently, Erez and Ibarra found that victims are safer from domestic abusers who are supervised during pretrial with bilateral electronic monitoring devices.
Probation and Parole Supervision Electronic supervision is most widely used with supervisees released to the community on probation or parole or as an alternative to incarceration. This program focuses on younger offenders between the ages of 14 and It is limited to youth and young adults who have committed serious offenses, violent offenses, or both, and who live within a specific high-crime area.
The three agencies involved have developed a team approach to supervision and have a community-based office located in a neighborhood storefront in the area where the program participants live. The program includes curfew restrictions, substance abuse evaluation and counseling, educational programs, and community service hours. Professional staff in the program supervise only 10 to 15 offenders on their caseloads, but they also work with family and community members.
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They have a minimum of five face-to-face contacts per week with the offenders they supervise. The primary purpose of the program is to improve public safety through enhanced supervision and reductions in crime. Electronic supervision is used by this program in several ways. It can be used as a sanction for an offender who violates curfew or other program conditions. Electronic technologies also are used to assist staff with their fieldwork. The program uses field monitoring devices drive-by detection equipment to determine if the youthful offenders are at home or if they are in parks, schools, and other gathering places for youth Johnston, The program has a two-fold purpose: to reduce the number of committed youth placed in DYS facilities and to reduce recidivism rates for youth who were diverted from placement.
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The targeted youth for this program are low-risk, nonviolent status and misdemeanor offenders. DYS funds and administers electronic supervision services for county juvenile probation departments. Juvenile probation officers select the youthful offenders that are supervised electronically. In most cases, without the availability of electronic supervision, the youth selected would be committed to DYS and placed outside their homes.
Michigan also operates a statewide electronic supervision strategy for adult offenders including probationers, parolees, and community-based prisoners living in correction centers or halfway houses. The program began in , more than , offenders had been supervised electronically through April , and about 3, offenders presently are supervised electronically.
The Michigan Department of Corrections not only runs the supervision component, but it also operates its own monitoring center. This strategy provides a higher level of supervision of offenders, therefore enhancing the supervision process. At the same time, the Department of Corrections DOC has saved about three-fourths of the cost of sending these offenders to minimum-security facilities.
Parolees often are placed on house arrest with electronic supervision when they commit technical parole violations. Offenders released from Michigan boot camps are placed on intensive parole or probation supervision, and usually electronic supervision is included. The department has a zero tolerance policy for rule violations, and if an offender cannot be accounted for, the monitoring center operator enters an escape warrant into the system that sends an administrative message to police agencies and the Absconder Recovery Unit.
Program administrators feel electronic supervision is extremely effective because of the definite consequences for violations. Evaluation efforts indicate that fewer than eight percent of offenders escape or abscond, and fewer than three percent commit new felonies. Re-entry Returning offenders back to communities has become a major concern.
In alone, more than , people were released from prisons in the United States, and an estimated nine million people were released from jails Harrison and Beck, Offenders returning to the community face numerous obstacles, including finding employment, addressing substance abuse issues, locating housing, re-engaging with their families, and other aspects of citizenship Petersilia, Three-fourths of released prisoners have a history of substance abuse, and at least 25 percent of prisoners suffer from mental illness. Electronic supervision technologies may be able to contribute to offender re-entry initiatives.
A group of Canadian researchers found that offenders wearing electronic monitoring devices were more likely to complete treatment. And, that these treatment completers were significantly less likely—than similar offenders not completing treatment—to violate conditions of their supervision Bonta, Wallace-Capretta, and Rooney, a, b.
www.zivestreamy.cz/modules/map7.php This research is especially noteworthy when considering the purposes and goals of electronic monitoring tools. The Canadian study lends support to viewing conditions of supervision holistically, and realizing that electronic monitoring is a potentially powerful tool. In this case, offenders on electronic monitoring were more likely to complete treatment, and treatment completion was found to decrease offending behaviors.
Electronic monitoring can provide additional motivation to offenders for them to remain compliant with supervision conditions and improve re-entry to the community. A brief description of the evolution of electronic supervision was provided, and several examples of programs including an electronic supervision component were highlighted. These descriptions were provided as a means of illustrating a variety of ways in which electronic supervision may be used rather than as a prescription for program development.